Angewandte
Geophysik
  Planetenentstehung   Weltraumphysik &
Weltraumsensorik
   
         Bild: ESA

JUICE

Mission overview

JUpiter ICy moons Explorer (JUICE) is a mission to explore Jupiter environment focusing on its moons Ganymede, Callisto, and Europa in order to investigate the evolution of habitable worlds around gas giants. JUICE is a European Space Agency (ESA) L-class mission as part of ESA's Cosmic Vision 2015-2025 programme. It will be launched in 2022 arriving in the Jupiter system in 2030. Then a three and a half years-long study period will begin with exploration of the Jovian atmospheric structure, composition, and dynamics. Europa flybys period will follow focusing on geology and composition. Before the transfer to final Ganymede observations, also the internal structure, surface and exosphere of Callisto will be closely examined. The final phase of the mission is dedicated to Ganymede. This final period is a high priority phase for magnetic field observations, as they can provide valuable information about the interior of the Ganymede via investigations of the interaction of Ganymede intrinsic magnetic field with the Jovian magnetosphere.


JUICE spacecraft

The Juice spacecraft is being developed under the Airbus Defence & Space company in France as a prime contractor that will provide the spacecraft itself with all the supporting services: spacecraft control; power; thermal control; communication, providing therefore a platform for 10 scientific instruments


J-MAG

J-MAG magnetometer package units: boom mounted sensors and common electronics box.

J-MAG magnetometer package units: boom mounted sensors and common electronics box.

J-MAG, the JUICE magnetometer package is being developed by a consortium of European universities and scientific institutes lead by principal investigator Prof. Michele Dougherty from Imperial College London and the Institute of Geophysics and Extraterrestrial Physics of the TU Braunschweig and the Space Research Institute in Graz as prime contributors. J-MAG will study the interaction between Ganymede's intrinsic magnetic field and Jupiter's magnetosphere to help determine the depth and extent of the ocean as well as understand the source of Ganymede's intrinsic field. J-MAG will also significantly contribute to the understanding of the overall plasma processes within the Jovian magnetosphere and on Jovian other moons: Europa and Callisto.

The J-MAG instrument package consist of the following sub-units

Furthermore, radiation modeling of the whole instrument in order to evaluate high dose radiation effects expected at Jupiter is provided by the University of Leicester.


JMAGIB

JMAGIB sensor CAD model.

JMAGIB sensor CAD model with the sensor head on the top covered by an aluminum cap. The bottom part is a stand-off for the mechanical support and thermal decoupling from the boom. Inside the stand-off resides an internal heater.

The JMAGIB, the inboard magnetic sensor, is developed at the Institute for Geophysics and Extraterrestrial Physics (IGeP) of the TUBS and the electronics development is subcontracted to Magson GmbH. JMAGIB is a fluxgate magnetometer dedicated to measure the three components of the magnetic field. This kind of magnetometer has a long heritage at IGeP from previous space missions such as THEMIS (NASA), Venus Express (ESA), ROSETTA (ESA), or recently MASCOT (DLR/CNES). The magnetometer consists of a sensor head and an electronics board. The electronics is placed inside J-MAG common electronics box, while the sensor itself is mounted on the spacecraft boom dedicated to J-MAG and RPWI sensors. The JMAGIB sensor contains two ring core elements of high-permeability material for the magnetic field concentration. Around the ring cores, excitation coils are wound, that are necessary for core saturation - basics of fluxgate principle of operation. Second set of coils - three axis sensing coil system - picks up the induced signal. In order to keep the sensor in linear regime and avoid the need of range switching, Helmholtz coil system provides the feedback and keeps the sensor in near zero field. Information about the ambient magnetic field is then extracted from the signal using both input and feedback values. The sensor structure is covered with a multi-layered insulation (MLI), which in addition of an internal heater provides a thermal control of the sensor.


MAG performance

Sensor mass

150 g

Electronics mass

290 g

Power consumption

~2 W (including heater)

Sensor dimensions (cylinder)

diameter of 58 mm and height of 91 mm

Dynamic range

+/- 50000nT

Sensor noise (@1Hz)

< 10 pT/sqrt(Hz)

Resolution

6 pT

Sampling rate (normal/burst mode)

32/128 Hz



JMAGIB team at IGEP

Links

References

 
aktualisiert: 04.02.2016 IMPRESSUM webmaster verantwortlich: Prof. Dr. K.-H. Glaßmeier